SAN DIEGO (KGTV) - The San Diego Police Department Tuesday released a new set of policies guiding officer interactions with transgender and gender-nonbinary people.
"Historically, many members of our LGBTQ community -- particularly those who identify as transgender or nonbinary -- have not been recognized or respected for who they are," Mayor Todd Gloria said in a statement.
The rules are designed to create a mutual understanding among community members and police on the procedures that will be followed, to prevent conflict and to ensure appropriate interactions with transgender and gender-nonbinary citizens, according to city officials.
"These new guidelines were developed in coordination with our LGBTQ community and set clear expectations for interactions between SDPD officers and transgender and gender-nonbinary community members," SDPD Chief David Nisleit said.
Key components of San Diego Police Department Procedure 6.34 require that SDPD personnel:
- use visual and verbal cues to become aware of a person's gender identification, accept it and refer to them by their preferred pronouns;
- properly document a person's gender identity in police reports and share that information on a need-to-know basis with other department members to ensure continuity of treatment in subsequent interactions;
- give people who identifies as transgender or nonbinary the choice of the gender of the officer who will perform a search on them and ensure that searches of transgender or gender-nonbinary persons are not more invasive than searches of cisgender people;
- follow all department procedures for transporting people who identify as female, including transgender women and the nonbinary, including recording the transport on uniform-worn cameras and notifying a dispatcher of the beginning and ending mileage of the police vehicle used;
- book transgender and nonbinary people into a jail facility that aligns with their preferred identity; and
- make every reasonable attempt to recover medications for the arrestee and take them to the jail facility with their personal property, as missing medications used as part of a person's transition can be life- threatening.
In 2014, Transgender activist Connor Maddocks worked with the Police Department on a training bulletin for officers to follow for interactions with transgender community members. Then came Christine Garcia, the department's first transgender officer, who took it upon herself to formalize and update the bulletin to create Procedure 6.34, which includes nonbinary individuals.
"She took what we had done years ago and actually made it 100 times better," Maddocks said.
The new policy "lets our community know the San Diego Police Department understands the needs of our community and the appropriate treatment of all individuals based on their preferred gender identity," Officer Christine Garcia said. "As a member of the transgender and LGBTQ community, I strive to work with the community to ensure our police officers can respect and serve our transgender, gender-nonbinary and LGBTQ community."
Maddocks applauds his friend, Officer Garcia, who is now the department's LGBTQ Liaison. He hopes his community now sees the department as a friendly ally.
"Hate crimes go unreported because they are so afraid to interact with the police. Hopefully, this will be what pushes them over the edge to say, 'Oh, things have changed, and it's safe now,'" Maddocks said.
The new policies follow the recent launch of the SDPD Safe Place Program, which helps San Diegans report suspicious activity and identify businesses that can serve as havens for victims of hate crimes.
The program was developed with an initial emphasis on LGBTQ-safe businesses and is in the process of being expanded to businesses serving Asian American and Pacific Islander community members.
"There has been outstanding progress and great change when it comes to the San Diego Police Department and our LGBTQ community," said Julia Legaspi, an LGBTQ community leader and the first transgender woman to be appointed to a San Diego city commission. "That there are now even transgender police officers working to protect our communities speaks volumes about this change."
For the complete document on the procedures, click here.